JESUS SAID, I SAID YE ARE GODS, IS GODS NOUN OR ADJECTIVE?
When jesus said, ye are gods, he was intending to say, there are many gods. It is clearly written in greek that gods has no supporting use of the article THE, thus, it could be an adjective or a noun. If it is an adjective then it don’t speaks of “kalagayan”, position or identity, whereas if its a noun, then logically, it speaks of “kalagayan”..state of being.
Now let us see how greek scholars perceive this matter:
Greek scholars say:
“Where THEOS WITHOUT THE ARTICLE, IS USED AS AN ATTRIBUTE, simply expresses the notion of kind. IT IS AN ADJECTIVE…”
(Preacher’s Complete Homiletic, by Scott and Frank, page 19)
That is true, but not necessarily in all cases as another scholars view which Joe ventilacion used confirmed.
Scholar Barclay William said
“Now when Greek does not use the definite article with a noun, THAT NOUN BECOMES MUCH MORE LIKE AN ADJECTIVE….”
He said, when a noun as THEOS is used without the article THE it is “much more” like an adjective
Meaning, a greater percentage of usage is as an adjective implied by saying “much more” therefore, a lesser percentage, as noun…
Therefore, THEOS could be a noun,
Nevertheless, the greek lexicon, put it this way, THEOS as jesus used, is likened to god.
“θεος IS USED OF WHATEVER CAN IN ANY RESPECT BE LIKENED TO GOD, OR RESEMBLES HIM IN ANYWAY : Hebraistically i.q. GOD REPRESENTATIVE or vicegerent, of magistrates and JUDGES, JN. x.34…”
(Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon, page 288)
LIKENED TO GOD, specifically mean, LIKENED TO GOD ALMIGHTY…
it did not imply it as noun or adjective but being likened, it does mean, these gods as jesus called has a likeness to god almighty, thus their being god, is not in the same nature as god yet still, they are true gods, in essence of how god meant by calling them gods…
Meaning, god almighty is true god in essence of how he is god, that is, god as a nature
Whereas these Jews are likewise true gods in essence of how god meant gods in reference to them that is, as adopted sons…
HOW DO WE KNOW THAT THEOS IS NOUN?
BEC THE SCHOLAR BARCLAY SAID:
THAT NOUN IS MUCH MORE LIKE AN ADJECTIVE
implying, THEOS could be used either as noun or adjective. Adjective in higher percentage as implied by “much more” and logically, a less percentage as noun therefore, theos is considered to be both noun and adjective…